Tuesday, August 27, 2013

More Evidence for Biblical Flood: Mass Dinosaur Grave

The article will give you an idea of what happened during the global catastrophe of the Biblical Flood. While this article assumes long ages, if you read with discernment it is evident that the dinosaurs and sediment that buried them were part of Noah's Flood. Read on...

Somewhere south of Newcastle, amid the wide-open prairie and rolling hills, rests a mass grave. A femur here. A tooth there. A tip of a tail barely poking through the ground somewhere else.
The cause of death is unknown. It could have been a lightning strike, disease or an attack by a band of marauding T. rexes.
The victims: At least four U-Haul-sized, plant-eating triceratopses.
Paleontologists worked for two months this summer and found 250 bones. Only 950 more to go.
On a hot day in mid-August, one paleontologist held up a pterygoid for inspection. A pterygoid is a portion of a triceratops palette in its skull. It's roughly the size of a loaf of bread, and had never previously been found complete and alone.
Some portions measure only a single millimeter thick. Removing it from the earth was a painstaking task. The ground was hard and the bone weak.
"There are maybe 10 people in the world who care about this bone," said Matt Larson, a paleontologist for the Black Hills Institute of Geologic Research.
"And four are here."
What it represents is entirely different. That pterygoid could belong to the most complete triceratops skeleton ever found — something many more people care about.
The institute's research team is unearthing what is, at minimum, four triceratops skeletons. Scientists believe the collection could be the key to answering how one of the prehistoric world's unique vegetarians lived and died.
Experts always thought the triceratops was a loner. Skeletons were never found grouped together like some other horned dinosaurs, said Peter Larson, founder of the Black Hills institute.
Remains were most often limited to a skull in one place or a femur in another. They must have lived alone, because they all seemed to die alone.
This new find, hidden beneath layers of sand, silt and lignite, could tell a very different story of the life of the world's best-known three-horned dinosaur....
On one of the last days of the dig, the paleontologists exposed two frills, the iconic shields behind the triceratopses' heads, a few ribs, the pterygoid and a tooth.
Each solid-looking bone is actually fractured into thousands of tiny pieces from the compression of tons of earth. The scientists clean them with small knives and paintbrushes and squeeze glue into the cracks. Then they cover the entire bone with another type of glue, flip it over and do the same to the other side.
Some bones are so intertwined the team takes them out in large blocks....
When they started digging in early May, it looked like they had three triceratopses: two adults and one youth.
They just kept finding bones, including another two femurs. The site now has at least three adults and one juvenile — a gangly teenager, all legs and no real body size.
"We have this big mass of bones we just can't separate," Larson said.
Darnell, the rancher, doesn't care as much where the skeletons end up, as long as they're someplace public where people can see them.
"And then maybe we will have some answers," he said.
Read more: http://www.foxnews.com/science/2013/08/26/more-dinosaur-fossils-found-in-ne-wyoming-mass-grave/?intcmp=features#ixzz2dB23GyHq

If it is answers to the mass graveyard containing these and countless other plants and animals worldwide, I suggest he look in Genesis.

Tuesday, August 13, 2013

Research reveals once again the marvel of creation

Amazing Design in the Chemistry of Pregnancy

The onset of pregnancy presents an apparent contradiction. Ovulating and initially pregnant mothers experience an increase in progesterone. On the one hand, this hormone signals the immune system to back down and lay low. That's critical, because otherwise her body would fight and kill sperm cells as though they were unwelcome invaders, and she would never become pregnant.
But on the other hand, progesterone reduces cholesterol levels in her body. Too much progesterone would doom a developing baby, who requires cholesterol. Why would one action both promote and prevent a single outcome? Two University of California evolutionary biologists believe they have decoded the answer.
Publishing in the June 2013 issue of The Quarterly Review of Biology, the authors first noted that many infections, caused by both viruses and bacteria, either depend on or are enhanced by cholesterol-containing "lipid rafts" embedded on cell membranes.1 The invaders link to the lipids, using them as doors to access and infect cells, causing disease.
Normally, a woman's immune system provides plenty of protection from such potential pathogens, but when her progesterone levels rise, her immune system diminishes, making her more susceptible to disease (while making her susceptible to pregnancy). By decreasing cholesterol levels at the same time as decreasing immune response, her body shrinks the number of doors available to potential invaders—and she and her baby remain protected.
Early in the first trimester, the baby is so small that its greatest need is for a healthy mother. Later during pregnancy, progesterone levels drop, and this enables both the mother's immune system and her tiny baby's required supply of cholesterol to ramp up at the perfect pace.
The study authors wrote, "Cholesterol modulation appears to be exquisitely timed over the course of pregnancy, closely matching the shifting importance of combating pathogens and building fetal tissue."1 How did this exquisite timing arise?2
The Quarterly Review authors explain that it arose as "a second-order adaptation selected for by the increased vulnerability to infection that is an inherent consequence of progesterone's role in maternal immune tolerance of the conceptus [tiny baby]."1 Did these authors mean to say that the risk of illness literally selected the fine-tuned and exquisitely timed hormonal communication apparatus, complete with its ability to temporarily yet precisely manage the manufacture and retention rates of specific and critical biochemicals like cholesterol?
Such a claim would not be scientific unless they measured or somehow witnessed the effects of "vulnerability to infection" on an animal that does not yet have an endocrine system because the creature and its systems are still evolving. They did no such tests, since animals already have the completed endocrine systems that their bodies require. The researchers did witness the exquisite physiology already woven into mothers' bodies.
How can the ultimate origins of the endocrine system's perfectly fine-tuned timing, and its interdependent processes, be attributed to its need to avoid disease, and how could it have engineered its own intricate disease-mediating strategies without outside intelligent input? The authors' lengthy paper does not address these foundational questions. Perhaps future research will.3
Because this particular body system is so clearly the product of purposeful design, the Creator—not nature—should get the credit for originally inventing the "exquisitely timed" hormones required for human reproduction. By describing this new aspect of maternal physiology, evolutionary scientists reveal another wonder to which the psalmist referred when writing that the human body is "fearfully and wonderfully made."4
References
  1. Amir, D., and D.M.T. Fessler. 2013. Boots for Achilles: Progesterone's Reduction of Cholesterol Is a Second-Order Adaptation. The Quarterly Review of Biology. 88 (2): 97-116.
  2. More specifically, what is the ultimate origin of this exquisite timing, notwithstanding any modifications it may have suffered since creation and the fall?
  3. And if it does, it should also explain the origins of the precision and specificity coordinated across body tissues and the body's biochemistry during hormonal communication. This suite of well-matched endocrine parts, where the removal of one part crashes the entire human system, might require hundreds of simultaneous, perfectly engineered mutations. Accordingly, it should explain how the suite of mutations required to generate receptor proteins and feedback networks would have to simultaneously arise in both a husband's and wife's germ cells. Also, how would just their offspring's genotype come to dominate the entire human population?
  4. Psalm 139:14.
* Mr. Thomas is Science Writer at the Institute for Creation Research.
Article posted on August 12, 2013.